Your Body During Menstruation – What happens inside
Dealing with your period is a part of life for many women. Understanding the changes your body undergoes during this time provides a lot of reassurance and clarity. Every woman's experience is unique and different. But if you know what to expect then it can be a source of comfort. Remember, if you are not sure about what you're going through, it is always a good idea to consult with your doctor or gynaecologist. If you're truly interested in understanding the details of what occurs during your menstrual cycle, this article is here to provide you some great insights.
Overview of Menstrual Cycle
The menstrual cycle is a recurring process in a woman's body that prepares for the possibility of pregnancy. The cycle is roughly around 28 days however this may vary from women to women. During this cycle, the body undergoes various hormonal changes. The menstrual cycle may have shorter or longer cycles, which is perfectly normal for some women.
Also read: Here are 10 Reasons for delayed periods
In simple words, inside a woman's body, there is a special place called the uterus. It's like a little nest where, one day, a baby could grow. To get ready for this, the uterus lines itself with something called endometrium. We can think of it like a soft bed for a probable baby. Now, if a woman doesn't become pregnant, her body doesn't need this special bed anymore. So, it starts breaking it down. This process is triggered by hormonal changes.
The result? The lining, which has thickened to support a pregnancy, is shed. This is what women see as menstrual bleeding.
The muscles in the uterus contract to expel the old lining. Women feel crampy and uncomfortable during this time. That is the body's way of helping with this clean-up. It's completely normal and it is a sign of a healthy reproductive system.
Let's explore into the various phases of this complex process.
1. Menstrual Phase
The Menstrual Phase lasts from day one to five of their cycle. It's when the uterus sheds its lining if pregnancy hasn't occurred. In simple terms, it's when you bleed.
2. Follicular Phase
The Follicular phase spans from day 6 to 14 for most of the women. The uterine lining thickens as estrogen levels rise. Estrogen is a hormone that regulates the female reproductive system. Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates the growth of follicles in the ovaries. These follicles can develop into eggs, which, if fertilized, can result in pregnancy. Estrogen is frequently referred to as the main "female hormone." Estrogen is mostly generated in the ovaries, with a small amount also produced in the adrenals and fat cells.
3. Ovulation Phase
Alright, let us visualize that your body is like a big control centre with lots of switches and buttons. One of those buttons is called LH, or luteinizing hormone. LH is like a messenger hormone that your brain sends to your ovaries. Around 14th day to 28th day, the luteinizing hormone (LH) surges, releasing an egg - this is ovulation. It is worth noting that ovulation may not happen every month, and its timing can vary.
4. Luteal Phase
From 15th day to 28th, the released egg journeys through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. Progesterone levels rise, preparing the body for pregnancy. If pregnancy doesn't occur, the cycle resets. Progesterone is a caretaker hormone in a woman's body. Its main job is to get everything ready for a possible baby. If we have to explain you in easy way, think of it as the hormone that says, "Okay, if a baby comes, we're all set!". If no baby is on the way, progesterone levels drop, and the cozy lining in the uterus starts to break down.
Physical and Emotional Changes
During menstruation, you might experience both physical and emotional shifts. You may experience menstrual cramps, which are dull and achy near lower abdomen. Many women also face a sense of bloating. On emotional front, women may face mood swings which may cause their feelings to change immediately and some feel irritable. These changes are normal and happens due to hormonal fluctuations within your body during periods.
Common Symptoms of Having a Period
Some to the most common signs and symptoms that accompany menstruation are mentioned below
- Menstrual cramps: A dull, aching pain in the lower abdomen.
- Breast tenderness: Sensitivity or discomfort in the breasts.
- Mood swings: Fluctuations in emotions, from sadness to irritability.
- Fatigue: Feeling unusually tired or lethargic.
- Bloating: A sensation of fullness or puffiness in the abdomen.
- Social withdrawal: Feeling inclined to spend more time alone.
- Crying spells: Emotional moments that lead to tears.
- Abdominal bloating: Swelling or distension in the abdominal area.
- Poor concentration: Difficulty focusing or staying attentive, and studying while on periods.
And these symptoms do not last for long and usually goes away within three to four days.
What To Do When You Get Your Period
You do not need to arrange anything special before your period arrives. However, navigating your period days become much easier if follow these guidelines.
Be prepared with your Period Underwear
Stock up on menstrual products such as your period panties and period cramp relief cream. If you want comfortable and leak-free periods, consider using GoPadFree period underwear. GoPadFree period pain relief cream works great if you have period pain and discomfort during your periods.
Maintain proper period hygiene
Keep yourself clean. We would advise you to regularly change your menstrual underwear, use unscented soap, and keep feminine wipes handy. GoPadFree Period panty is easy to wash and care for. Refer to our Period Panty guide for best usage guidelines.
Stay hydrated and nourished
A balanced diet and proper hydration promote overall well-being and can help stabilize period symptoms. Have lots of juices and water. If you are not sure about best juice to drink during periods.
Listen to your body
It's perfectly fine to acknowledge when you're not feeling your best. Rest and self-care are essential. You should give yourself enough time and care for your body. Understand your body and opt for some relaxation techniques.
In a nutshell
Throughout the menstrual cycle, the female body goes through remarkable changes. It's important to appreciate the beauty of this natural process even when it sometimes causes discomfort to go through. Period underwear, like our GoPadFree leakproof underwear, provides a comfortable and environmentally friendly substitute for conventional items. Keep in mind that taking care of yourself is a celebration of the fact that your period is a part of you.